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  2. Documentation Index

    Introduction

    The Apache Tomcat Native Library is an optional component for use with Apache Tomcat that allows Tomcat to use certain native resources for performance, compatibility, etc.

    Specifically, the Apache Tomcat Native Library gives Tomcat access to the Apache Portable Runtime (APR) library's network connection (socket) implementation and random-number generator. See the Apache Tomcat documentation for more information on how to configure Tomcat to use the APR connector.

    Features of the APR connector:

    • Non-blocking I/O for Keep-Alive requests (between requests)
    • Uses OpenSSL for TLS/SSL capabilities (if supported by linked APR library)
    • FIPS 140-2 support for TLS/SSL (if supported by linked OpenSSL library)

    Headlines

    Building

    Requirements

    Build tc-native requires three components to be installed:

    • APR library
    • OpenSSL libraries
    • Java SE Development Kit (JDK)

    In debian based Linux those dependencies could be installed by something like:

    apt-get install libapr1.0-dev libssl-dev

    In rpm based Linux those dependencies could be installed by something like:

    yum install apr-devel openssl-devel

    UNIX

    On all the POSIX systems (Linux, Solaris, HP-UX, AIX etc...) a well-known configure and make is used to build tc-native.
    In the jni/native runs:

    ./configure --help

    to read the description of all the parameters.

    ./configure --with-apr=$HOME/APR \
                --with-java-home=$JAVA_HOME \
                --with-ssl=$HOME/OPENSSL \
                --prefix=$CATALINA_HOME

    to create the includes and makefiles to be able to build tc-native.
    Where:
    $HOME/APR is something like /usr/bin/apr-1-config or the path where apr is installed.
    $JAVA_HOME is something /home/jfclere/JAVA/jdk1.7.0_80 path to a JDK installation. Any JDK should work but it is advisable to use the same JVM version the JVM you use with Tomcat.
    $HOME/OPENSSL is the path where OpenSSL is installed.
    $CATALINA_HOME is the path where the produced libraries will be installed. Something like $HOME/apache-tomcat-8.0.47/

    The configure is able to guess most of OpenSSL standard installations. So most of the time the following will be enough:

    ./configure --with-apr=/usr/bin/apr-1-config \
                --with-java-home=/home/jfclere/JAVA/jdk1.7.0_80/ \
                --with-ssl=yes \
                --prefix=$CATALINA_HOME

    To build the libraries and install them:

    make && make install

    The libraries will be found in $CATALINA_HOME/lib

    Windows

    Download the Windows sources of tc-native and extract them.

    Obtain the Windows sources for APR and OpenSSL. Apply the patches from native/srclib and build APR and OpenSSL for your platform (X86 or X64).

    Build with

    nmake -f NMAKEMakefile WITH_APR=... WITH_OPENSSL=... APR_DECLARE_STATIC=1

    More detailed instructions including the steps to create a standard release distribution are provided on the Wiki.

    Install and tests

    Configuring Tomcat

    Apache Tomcat comes with the AprLifecycleListener enabled by default. Still, you should check your conf/server.xml to ensure that something like the following is present, and uncommented:

    <Listener className="org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener" SSLEngine="on" />

    Please see the Apache Tomcat documentation for configuration specifics.

    UNIX

    Edit $CATALINA_HOME/bin/setenv.sh (creating the file if necessary) and add the path to the tc-native libraries to LD_LIBRARY_PATH. Something like:

    LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:$CATALINA_HOME/lib
    export LD_LIBRARY_PATH

    Start tomcat and check for the messages like this ones:

    Feb 8, 2015 12:27:41 PM org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener init
    INFO: Loaded APR based Apache Tomcat Native library 1.x.y.
    Feb 8, 2015 12:27:41 PM org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener init
    INFO: APR capabilities: IPv6 [true], sendfile [true], accept filters [false], random [true].
    Feb 8, 2015 12:27:41 PM org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11AprProtocol init
    INFO: Initializing Coyote HTTP/1.1 on http-8080

    Refer to the tomcat documentation to configure the connectors (See Tomcat 9.0.x Tomcat 8.5.x and Tomcat 7.0.x)

    Windows

    Edit $CATALINA_BASE\bin\setenv.bat (creating the file if necessary) and add the path to the tc-native libraries, apr and OpenSSL to PATH. For example:

    set PATH=%PATH;C:\cygwin\home\support\tomcat-native-current-win32-src\jni\native\Debug;C:\cygwin\home\support\tomcat-native-current-win32-src\jni\apr\Debug;C:\OpenSSL\lib\VC

    Start tomcat and check for the messages like this ones:

    Feb 8, 2015 2:48:17 PM org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener init
    INFO: Loaded APR based Apache Tomcat Native library 1.x.y.
    Feb 8, 2015 2:48:17 PM org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener init
    INFO: APR capabilities: IPv6 [false], sendfile [true], accept filters [false], random [true].
    Feb 8, 2015 2:48:18 PM org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11AprProtocol init
    INFO: Initializing Coyote HTTP/1.1 on http-8080
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